“eight-point” anti-bureaucracy rules: introduced at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on Dec. 4, 2012 in a bid to ban officials' extravagance, bureaucracy and formalism. The violations include use of public cars for personal affairs, use of public funds for travel or entertainment, and holding of extravagant weddings or other ceremonies.
PRISM surveillance program: a clandestine mass electronic surveillance data mining program launched in 2007 by the National Security Agency in the US. Its existence was leaked six years later by NSA contractor Edward Snowden.
H7N9: a bird flustrain of the species Influenza virus A (avian influenza virus or bird fluvirus). It was first reported in China in March 2013. The virus causes severe disease in humans, including acute and often lethal respiratory failure. The country has reported more than 200 human H7N9 cases.
Tuhao: Chinese nouveau riche — people who have recently acquired wealth, typically those perceived as ostentatious or lacking in good taste.
Pilot free trade zone: referring to the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone in the Pudong New Area.
China's second-child policy: allowing couples to have a second child if either parent is an only child.
Chinese Dama: a group of Chinese middle-aged women who rushed to purchase gold as an investment in 2013 when the gold price plunged greatly.
"Clean Your Plate" campaign: an initiative aiming to reduce food waste. It focuses on zero waste when dining in restaurants, encouraging diners to order less and take any leftover food home.
Manly women: referring to strong, independent women who don't overdo the femininity.
A smoke-choked China