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Luxun Park in Hongkou District is named after a famous Chinese literary figure and patriot who is entombed at the site.
The park, formerly known as Hongkou Park, celebrates Lu Xun (1881-1936), renowned short story writer, editor, translator, literary critic, essayist and poet. He lived out his last years near the park and his mausoleum sits quietly there, surrounded by green lawn.
The park was built in 1906 as a sports center by English landscape gardeners. It is one of the earliest concession parks, and its history mirrors the convolutions of 20th-century China.
The park is an ideal place to rest your body and soul amid its maze of tree-canopied lanes and beautiful gardens featuring willows, oriental cherries, pines and plum trees all year around. When the trees are in bloom in springtime, no experience trumps a casual stroll in this lovely park. Tired of walking? Take a boat on the small lake and enjoy the delightful scenery from a different perspective.
The most interesting part about the park is that visitors can here immerse themselves in a truly authentic Shanghainese leisure experience. On weekday mornings it is common to see groups of elderly locals gathering under the open air to do Tai Chi and wave flags, to play Chinese chess and the game of goi, or to dance and sing old songs. Sometimes you may also find an old man, or groups of old men, sitting on the rocks or in the pavilion by the lake, playing traditional Chinese instruments like pipa and erhu or even the violin. On weekends, the delicate music may vie with the sounds of a nearby chorus.
By Saturday and Sunday, the elderly may no longer make up the majority of visitors in the park. Families stream here to enjoy a warm Sunday afternoon with children chasing after each other and giggling with pleasure. Couples cuddle on relatively secluded benches, while young people or college students play badminton, ping-pong and football on fields provided in the park. There’s no better medicine after a long busy week in the office than spending a few relaxed moments on a park bench.
Lu Xun’s Former Residence
Lu Xun (1881-1936) was a prolific Chinese writer famous for criticizing Confucianism, and other meek and self-deceiving Chinese characters from ancient China. Located at the eastern end of Lu Xun Park, Lu Xun’s Former Residence is a three-storey brick building where the writer lived from 1933 to his death.
The first floor has a reception room in the front area and a dining room in the back. The second floor was Lu Xun’s bedroom and study, where visitors can see his personal belongings and watch an audio-visual presentation of his life and works. The third floor houses a shop selling some traditional Chinese paintings and ceramic works.